Learning to manage going to the toilet independently is an important milestone in growing up. Being continent involves knowing you need to go, delaying until an appropriate place can be found, urinating and/or defecating, cleaning up afterwards and re-dressing. Children with special educational needs and disabilities may be slower to learn to manage going to the toilet, or they may need extra help. Many children with special educational needs and disabilities can become continent with training, though it is currently uncertain what are the best ways to assess and treat children with special educational needs and disabilities.
Various things can influence if and when toilet training commences. A key issue is whether families and professionals think a child is ready and able to begin toilet training.
The work will enable us to describe current clinical practice in the NHS for improving continence of children and young people with special educational needs and disability, and summarise evidence for interventions. This will allow us to make recommendations for future research and practice. Read more about the project here.