A CLAHRC NT qualitative study identified barriers to help-seeking for memory problems among Black African and Caribbean British communities.
Black African and Caribbean elders (BACe) present later to dementia specialist services, often in crisis and leading to poorer outcomes.
In their work towards producing an intervention to encourage access to dementia services, CLAHRC researchers have heard first-hand perceptions and beliefs among Black adults that prevent them from approaching their GP when they have concerns about memory problems - an early indicator of dementia.
The study comprised semi-structured focus groups and interviews, recruiting 50 participants across a range of age groups and socioeconomic backgrounds.
Focus groups and interviews revealed five main beliefs and perceptions preventing people's seeking help for dementia:
• Forgetfulness is not indicative of dementia
• Dementia is not an illness affecting Black communities
• Memory problems are not important enough to seek
• Fear of lifestyle changes
• Confidentiality, privacy and family duty
Recommendations for practice
The results of this study suggest that a more targeted approach towards Black adults regarding dementia is needed, in order to reduce healthcare inequalities. The paper recommends designing an intervention which:
a) includes key information about dementia, symptoms and support available
b) encourages Black adults to seek help earlier from their GP for memory problems
c) allays worries about loss of autonomy, breach of confidentiality and freedom of choice
CLAHRC researchers are now trialling the intervention they have developed to overcome some of the barriers to help-seeking for memory problems in Black African and Caribbean British communities.